The airline business strategy determines the competitiveness of the airline services but may also bear antitrust risks of discrimination and abuse of dominance. The study describes the features of the passenger air transportation industry (both at the carrier level and at the airport level), which allow to distinguish groups of airline business models. This is necessary for the subsequent analysis of antitrust risks in the air transportation markets. The article also provides a comparative analysis of the airport tariffs in the Russian Federation in relation to the ability of airports to stimulate competition between airlines. In conclusion the main problems of the passenger air transportation sector of the Russian Federation in the context of competition policy are formulated.
Keywords: competition, airline, tariffs, airline networks models.
JEL codes: L13, L40.